Filipendula Ulmaria-Meadow Sweet
Filipendula Ulmaria, also known as Meadow Sweet, Queen of the Meadow, and Meadwort is a perennial herb that is widespread and native to the UK, and can be found throughout Europe. A moisture loving verging on marginal plant, it favors various damp habitats including damp ditches, marsh lands, water meadows, natural springs, fens and damp woodlands. It produces airy umbels of creamy white scented flowers between June and August which attract a wide spectrum of pollinating insects including Bees, Hover flies, and Butterflies. Mead Wort grows to a height of 90 Cm, and will grow happily in full sun or partial shade. Producing an abundance of small, green pinnate leaves, this certainly makes this native species and its cultivars, a very popular choice of plant for amateur and experienced water gardeners alike.
Meadow Sweet is also grown and used commercially for many other reasons. Its stalks, flowers and roots have been used throughout the ages as Potpourri, also remedies for acid digestive disorders, a natural dye, and can also be used as a herbal tea and flavourings for beers, wines, jams and stews.
Filipendula Ulmaria is easy to take care of and needs little attention other than to be kept damp at all times. In autumn, the plant can be cut down to just a few centimetres. It is fully frost hardy so requires no winter protection and the new growth will start in the spring where the new season leaves will turn a lovely lime green colour.
There are four cultivars to choose from as well as the Native species:-
Filipendula Ulmaria -native species – (single white flowers)
Filipendula Ulmaria-Flore Plena – (double white flowers)
Filipendula Ulmaria-Aurea – (yellow leaves)
Filipendula Ulmaria-Variegata – (yellow and green variegated leaves)
Filipendula Ulmaria-Rosea – (pink flowers)